The most popular Xiangmu made in China is passive

2022-07-30
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Zhangxiangmu: the "two ends" of made in China are passive

[Guide: the high-end equipment manufacturing industry has always been an industry that provides technical equipment for major industries in the national economy. With the recent release of the decision of the State Council on accelerating the cultivation and development of strategic emerging industries, the concept of high-end equipment manufacturing industry has quickly become popular and has become a key word leading the 12th Five Year Plan.]

recently, zhangxiangmu, director of the equipment industry department of the Ministry of industry and information technology, said at the 4th annual Asian manufacturing conference that vigorously cultivating and developing high-end equipment manufacturing industry will be an important way to realize the transformation from made in China to created in China. During the 12th Five Year Plan period, the general idea of developing high-end equipment manufacturing industry is to meet the urgent needs of China's industrial transformation and upgrading and the development of strategic emerging industries, focusing on the development of intelligent manufacturing, green manufacturing and service manufacturing

According to Zhang Xiangmu, during the 12th Five Year Plan period, China will accelerate the development of high-end manufacturing industry, cultivate it into a pillar industry of the national economy, realize the transformation of China's equipment manufacturing industry from large to strong, and strive to make the sales output value of high-end equipment manufacturing industry account for more than 30% of the sales output value of equipment manufacturing industry by 2020. The domestic market satisfaction rate exceeds 25%

as early as August this year, LiYiZhong, Minister of the Ministry of industry and information technology, also said in public that the Ministry of industry and information technology would formulate ideas and key engineering construction for the development of equipment industry during the 12th Five Year Plan period, so as to optimize the layout of the long-term trouble free operation room for industrial air energy and promote the coordinated development of regions and industries

since the eleventh five year plan, China's manufacturing industry has made great progress and made positive contributions to accelerating the process of new industrialization. Zhangxiangmu believes that this rapid development is mainly manifested in four aspects

first of all, the industrial scale has leapt to the forefront of the world. China has established a manufacturing system with a complete range of categories. The total industrial output value of the equipment manufacturing industry has exceeded US $2trillion, ranking the forefront of the world

secondly, technological innovation capability has been significantly enhanced, and a large number of major independent innovation achievements have been made in manned spaceflight, lunar orbiting project, high-performance computer and other fields. A number of major technical equipment have been independently manufactured. The harmony crh380a EMU with completely independent intellectual property rights broke the world record again, reaching a speed of 416.6 kilometers per hour

thirdly, significant progress has been made in energy conservation and emission reduction. In the first four years of the eleventh five year plan, the energy consumption per unit of industrial growth value above designated size has decreased by 20.76%, the total emission of chemical oxygen demand has decreased by 9.66%, and the relative humidity of sulfur dioxide emission is no more than 80%; The total discharge decreased by 13.14%

finally, the integration of industrialization and industrialization has been steadily promoted. During the 11th Five Year Plan period, computer-aided design and other technologies were widely used in product R & D and design. Automation control technologies such as computer integrated manufacturing are also widely used in production process control. Large equipment manufacturing enterprises have basically realized the integrated application of product design, process flow and ERP

on this basis, the world economy has also seen some new development trends in the course of major adjustments and changes. On the one hand, the international financial crisis has greatly impacted the growth model of developed countries' excessive reliance on virtual economy. Western countries have accelerated the adjustment of science and technology and industrial development strategies, put forward development routes such as Reindustrialization, low-carbon economy and smart earth, and re attached importance to the real economy. However, the return of developed countries to manufacturing is not to return to the track of traditional manufacturing, but to aim at high-end manufacturing, strategic emerging industries, seek to create new competitive advantages, and continue to control the commanding heights of global industrial competition

on the other hand, Vietnam, India and other emerging developing countries make full use of their lower labor cost advantages to accelerate the undertaking of international industrial transfer and expand the production capacity of low-end products. China's manufacturing industry is in a double passive situation of high-end capping and low-end extrusion. The new characteristics and conditions of the economic situation at home and abroad have put great pressure on the development of China's manufacturing industry

narrowing the gap

at present, although high-end equipment manufacturing has attracted much attention, in the actual development process, China's equipment manufacturing still lags far behind the advanced level of developed countries

previously, the relevant person in charge of the national development and Reform Commission, who was responsible for drafting the decision of the State Council on accelerating the cultivation and development of strategic emerging industries, said in policy interpretation that although the domestic equipment manufacturing industry is large, the key core components, control technologies and high-performance materials of large-scale equipment are heavily dependent on imports. The equipment manufacturing industry is also faced with system and mechanism problems that need to be solved urgently, such as the airspace management regulations for the development of general aviation, the military civilian integration mechanism for satellite applications, etc. the current management measures restrict the development of relevant industries. The above responsible person

in view of this situation, Zhang Xiangmu said at the Forum on the same day that the 12th Five Year Plan period is a key period to solve the problem that China's manufacturing industry is large but not strong and to take substantive steps to realize industrial transformation and upgrading. Innovating models, cultivating markets and stimulating industrial development. We should make overall plans for key links of industrial production, such as technological development, formulation of engineering standards and market application, increase investment in science and technology, rely on advantageous enterprises to strengthen the combination of production, study, research and application, concentrate advantageous forces to break through the technological bottleneck of industrial development, and accelerate the formation of independent technologies and standards

he believes that in the next stage, China should properly handle four major relationships in the process of developing strategic emerging industries

first, we should properly handle the relationship between the development of strategic emerging industries and the transformation and upgrading of traditional industries. The development of strategic emerging industries must not be divorced from the existing industrial foundation, and a new industrial system must be developed, which must be combined with the transformation and upgrading of traditional industries. We should attach importance to the integration of emerging technologies and traditional industries without breaking away from the existing industrial base

second, we should properly handle the relationship between independent innovation and open cooperation. We should strive to break through key core technologies, greatly improve the ability of independent innovation, and rely on the industrialization of scientific and technological innovation achievements to promote and develop emerging industries. We should not only focus on promoting original innovation and integrated innovation, but also actively participate in international division of labor and cooperation, strengthen the introduction, digestion, absorption and re innovation, make full use of global innovation resources, and jointly create and share international innovation achievements. Zhangxiangmu said

third, we should properly handle the relationship between overall promotion and leapfrog development in key areas, and rationally plan and coordinate the development of strategic emerging industries. At the same time, select the most basic and qualified fields as a breakthrough, focus on promoting, form new growth points, vigorously cultivate industrial clusters, and promote the development of advantageous regions

fourth, we should properly handle the relationship between policy guidance and market promotion. For important areas and key links related to the overall economic and social development, especially in the early stage of industrial cultivation and development, we should give full play to the leading role of the government and strengthen policy support. At the same time, we should pay attention to the basic role of the market in allocating resources, and mobilize the enthusiasm of business entities whose final income rose by 3.71% at 377.5%

at the same time, as the seven strategic emerging industries proposed by the state this time are characterized by high initial investment and high risk, the state should study and improve the tax policies to encourage innovation, guide investment and consumption, increase support, guide and encourage social capital investment, establish and improve the capital system and innovate support methods according to its characteristics when making special planning and policy setting

in terms of intelligent manufacturing equipment, Zhang Xiangmu also stressed that China should focus on promoting precision and intelligent instruments and test equipment, intelligent control systems, key basic parts, high-end CNC machine tools and intelligent special equipment in accordance with the principles of innovation priority, key breakthroughs, technology integration, solid foundation and diversified investment, and in line with the needs of traditional industry transformation and upgrading and the development of strategic emerging industries, Realize the automation, intelligence and precision of the manufacturing process, and drive the improvement of the overall level

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